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Pope_and_Early_Civil_Rights

Pope_and_Early_Civil_Rights - "We Knew We Wouldn't Win Dr...

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“We Knew We Wouldn’t Win”: Dr. M.T. Pope and the Early Struggle for Civil Rights in North Carolina,  1898-1920 I.  History as Work in Progress A.  Methodology - public history (starting a house museum) B.  Evidence - documentary, built environment, material culture C. Historical Argument  1. Stories lost; State Archives founded in 1903, after white supremacy 2. African American men did resist white  supremacy/disfranchisement; the Civil Rights Movement has roots  in the early 20 th  century II.  Manassa Thomas Pope (1858-1934) - Early Life A.  born in Northampton County, 1858 B.  family: free back to 1793; literate; landowners C.  M.T. Pope sent to college at 16 (1874) 1. part of a generation of black men who came of age during  Reconstruction, would be leaders from 1880s to 1910s D.  medical school, 1882-1886 1. Leonard  Medical School; importance of black doctors/professionals 2. Dr. Pope becomes first African American physician licensed to  practice in NC  E.  marries Lydia Walden (1860-1906) III.  Era of Possibilities...Shattered by White Supremacy A.  Dr. Pope probably involved in election of U.S. Rep. Henry Cheatham in  1888 1. election defeats Furnifold Simmons; lays foundation for white  supremacy  2. serves as assistant postmaster in Henderson (patronage job) B.  Popes move to Charlotte in 1892 1.  establishes practice in “boom” town on Trade Street
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