Brawley - Chapter 13 summary

Brawley - Chapter 13 summary - Chapter 13 Germany was one...

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Chapter 13 Germany was one of the first states to end free trade after the state was unified under Bismarck Had initially adopted FT because it served the Junker landowners, who exported grain Changes in tech changed competitiveness in 1870s, and Bismarck sought to protect the status of the Junkers through grain tariffs Coalition of iron and rye – neither the Junkers nor the industrialists wanted FT However, Bismarck’s policies came undone, and FT ruled for a short time, but why didn’t this last? Background – Coalition of Iron and Rye Prior to unification (1872) the Junkers were major exporters of grain (they preferred open policies), while industrialists were uncompetitive, and wanted protection By the late 1870s, a rise in exports made the price of grain drop (also, better transport technology helped). Germany was no longer relatively land-abundant So, both groups wanted protection, and Bismarck delivered, however, in the 1890s, von Caprivi’s government moved back to FT for a time System Level
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Brawley - Chapter 13 summary - Chapter 13 Germany was one...

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