Chapter 5

Chapter 5 - Chapter 5: Theories Based on Idiosyncratic...

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Chapter 5: Theories Based on Idiosyncratic Characteristics of Individuals Idiosyncratic Features: individual personalities, beliefs, experiences Perception and Misperception Stimulus Perception/interpretation decision Individuals have predilections for certain responses Rejects rational calculations Why? Because rational calculation… o assumes perfect information o assumes they understand causal effect of decisions o assumes actors can rank choices Belief Systems Offer a shortcut in decision making, esp under stress. Alexander George’s Value Complexity Value Complexity: policies entail trade-offs in values that are undesirable Decision makers often discount undesirable info Ex: John Foster Dulles thought the Soviet Union was evil Responding to Uncertainty Defense Procrastination: hope problem resolves itself Bolstering: choose to find information that supports an already-determined position How are Decisions made in a crisis? Crises…
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Chapter 5 - Chapter 5: Theories Based on Idiosyncratic...

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