POLI 354 - Viner, Power versus Plenty - second half (Alexandre Breton)

POLI 354 Viner, - At the time(around the 18th century it was believed that economic interests predominated over all other interests in both England

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Jacob Viner - Power versus Plenty (page 15-29) A pervasive element in the thought of the period is the proposition that power and wealth are harmonious ends, each reinforcing and promoting the other Power allows you to gain more wealth, and vice-versa Ex. Sea power enabled England to expand and to protect her foreign trade, while this increased commerce, in turn, augmenting her naval strength They understood that some economic sacrifice might have to be made, in war for example, but they also believed that these were short term sacrifices, and that in the long run both ends could be pursued together They also understood the danger of pursuing particular (ex. a few wealthy businessmen) economic interests instead of national economic interests, and both should be differentiated Concerning the relative weight of power and wealth as ends in a country's foreign policy:
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Unformatted text preview: At the time (around the 18th century), it was believed that economic interests predominated over all other interests in both England and Holland, unlike other countries like France or Germany While trade and wealth was indeed important for England and Holland, it was also importance for France and many other The evidences are not conclusive concerning a sharp difference between England and Holland and other countries, it was a difference in degree rather than in kind (every country was pursuing both wealth and powers as foreign policy objectives) • Religion was also important, but mainly for propaganda purposes, so not a real source of change in foreign policy • A Marxist analysis of this period would argue that it was not power and wealth that matter, but wealth of the bourgeoisie class alone • The authors argues against such a point of view...
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This note was uploaded on 02/08/2012 for the course POLI 243 taught by Professor Markbrawley during the Winter '09 term at McGill.

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