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Unformatted text preview: Kenneth Waltz Neorealism: Confusions and Criticisms Theories are simplifications of a system of cause and effect. They are comprised mostly of omission of the actual goings-on in the system. The international structure is anarchy. To add normative additions to this theory is like adding a clause to gravity “that it is unwise to fall from high buildings.” A theory is not a collection of variables, therefore simply adding new elements and allowances to theories does not make sense. “Theories don’t predict, people do.” “The old realism is behavioral: good states produce good out comes; bad states, bad ones. The new realism is structural: outcomes depend not only, and often not mainly, on the qualities of states, but also on variation of the structure within which their actions occur.” Structural realism necessarily leaves out internal political forces, but rather international structure....
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- Winter '09
- Cold War