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4+chap+2+d-e-f+post - Cars in `66 formation Litchfield IL...

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1/2/2012 1 The Sounds of Language, 3 Chapter 2: Phonetics Cars in ‘ 66 ’ formation; Litchfield IL Review consonants and their IPA symbols Vowels and their IPA symbols Suprasegmentals: length, tone, and prosody Review Consonants; IPA Symbols Consonants can be uniquely described by the combination of three features: laryngeal status, place of articulation, and manner of articulation. Consonant charts contain IPA symbols, which guarantee a 1-to-1 correspondence between sound and symbol. The columns denote place, rows denote manner, and the cells denote larnygeal status. IPA Chart, English consonants bilabial labio- dental dental alveolar post- alveolar pal- atal velar glottal stop p b t d k ɡ ʔ fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ h affricate nasal m n ŋ liquid l, ɹ glide (w ̥ w) j w ̥ w Practice Give the IPA symbols for the stops of English, from front to back, and label the places of articulation. English stops bilabial alveolar velar glottal p b t d k ɡ ʔ Give the IPA symbols for the nasals of English and list the laryngeal status and place of articulation of each.
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1/2/2012 2 English nasals bilabial alveolar velar all voiced m n ŋ Give the IPA symbols for the post- alveolar consonants of English and list their manners of articulation. English post-alveolars fricatives ʃ ʒ affricates t ʃ d ʒ Give the IPA symbols for all the voiceless fricatives in English and list their places of articulation. English voiceless fricatives labio- dental dental alveolar post- alveolar glottal f θ s ʃ h Give the IPA symbols for all the voiced fricatives in English and list their places of articulation. English voiced fricatives labio- dental dental alveolar post- alveolar v ð z ʒ Give the IPA symbols for all the approximants of English; list sub- manner, laryngeal status, and place of articulation of each. Approximants all voiced bilabial alveolar palatal velar liquid lateral l liquid rhotic ɹ glide ( w ) j w
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1/2/2012 3 and IPA Symbols The Vowels of English By definition, vowels are produced with very little or no obstruction within the vocal tract. Vowels in English (and in most other languages) are voiced and are the most sonorant of all speech sounds. We need a different set of features for describing vowels than those we used for consonants ... Three basic vowel features 1) height of tongue : hea t / ha te / ha t (equivalent to lowering of jaw) 2) backness of tongue : ha t / ho t (‘tightness’ of tongue front or back) 3) roundness of lips : hea t / hoo t Tongue positions for 3 vowels high front he high back who low back ha IPA Symbols for Front Vowels IPA as in ... high i heed, heat ɪ hid, hit mid e hayed, hate ɛ head, e psilon low æ had, hat, ash IPA Symbols for Back Vowels IPA as in ...
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