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Unformatted text preview: *****Everyone just put your name down next to the sections you are doing LECTURES Aug. 25 Sean Ways of Thinking about the Past:-There are problems with thinking about the history of Native Americans-Controversial views about what they would see versus what some westerners would say-We have an impression of the first thanksgiving…is this portrayal really accurate?-Very often the way we think of the past is influenced by rituals, such as Thanksgiving, child reenactments of the first Thanksgiving, Columbus Day, etc.-In the NA story, the human being is heroic, but in the Bible he is sinful and fallen-Animals are helpful in the NA story but hurtful in the Bible Teleological reasoning- like circular reasoning, that is, arguing from your conclusion-Past happened so that present events can occur how they are supposed to Folklore---stuff we learn from other people; this is especially important in non-literary societies, which don’t have writing to record things 2 Types of folklores: Narratives-These tell stories and may be based on historical fact Non-Narratives-These do not tell stories but rather focus on the inner emotions of the author 3 Categories of folklore: Legends-may or may not be true…stories that are told as if they could be true…in the real world Myths-sacred, that is, not held to be literally true but metaphorically true…take place before the world, after the world, or outside the world…formative…often overlap with rituals Tales-not true…you are not supposed to believe it…told for fun, amusement, etc…not set in the real world but rather the fairy tale land Useful link: Dornsife.usc.edu/americanindian/culture/index.cfm Aug. 30: Ting Story History is largely producing stories Relies on documented facts Which facts are important? There's a split between documented facts and a story History is still a construction, but there's always a selection in what you think is important and what isn't. As go back further in time, have less documentation Difficulties in knowing whether a document is true Documentation shows bias in society to writing · Writing started off as a sacred activity in the church · Bias that writing is a sacred tool Archeology: studies objects that were left in the ground Neither the Native Americans or Europeans had a clear idea of what disease was. It was looked at as God's wrath Plagues, diseases looked at as God's plan E&O Selections In terms of historians, Hiawatha would be a legendary figure Did he exist? Pretty sure he did There's something clearly mythical about his story There's a sacred aura around this historically political figure Heroes can become mythisized He unified the Iroquois confederation Many people thought the world was flat All people's in the world were defined through biblical history- European notion Popular idea of Europeans that Native Americans were the lost tribe of Israel Europeans were not very scientific, they were very theological Europeans were shocked about the amount of individual autonomy and freedom Native...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course ANTH 316gm at USC.