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ANTH316MidtermStudyGuide - Aug 25 Sean Ways of Thinking...

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Aug. 25 Sean Ways of Thinking about the Past: -There are problems with thinking about the history of Native Americans -Controversial views about what they would say vs what some westerners would say -We have an impression of the first thanksgiving…is this portrayal really accurate? -Very often the way we think of the past is influenced by rituals, such as Thanksgiving, child reenactments of the first Thanksgiving, Columbus Day, etc. -In the NA story, the human being is heroic, but in the Bible he is sinful and fallen -Because the NAs did not have written records, they used oral myths to explain the past. Teleological reasoning - like circular reasoning, that is, arguing from your conclusion -Past happened so that present events can occur how they are supposed to Folklore ---stuff we learn from other people; this is especially important in non-literary societies, which don’t have writing to record things 2 Types of folklores: Narratives -These tell stories and may be based on historical fact Non-Narratives -These do not tell stories but rather focus on the inner emotions of the author 3 Categories of folklore: Legends -may or may not be true…stories that are told as if they could be true…in the real world Myths -sacred, that is, not held to be literally true but metaphorically true…take place before the world, after the world, or outside the world…formative…often overlap with rituals Tales -not true…you are not supposed to believe it…told for fun, amusement, etc…not set in the real world but rather the fairy tale land Useful link: Aug. 30 Ting Story There's a split between documented facts and a story History is still a construction, but there's always a selection in what you think is important and what isn't. As go back further in time, have less documentation Difficulties in knowing whether a document is true Documentation shows bias in society to writing Neither the Native Americans or Europeans had a clear idea of what disease was. It was looked at as God's wrath: Plagues, diseases looked at as God's plan
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In terms of historians, Hiawatha would be a legendary figure Did he exist? Pretty sure he did There's something clearly mythical about his story There's a sacred aura around this historically political figure Heroes can become mythicized He unified the Iroquois confederation Many people thought the world was flat All people's in the world were defined through biblical history- European notion Popular idea of Europeans that Native Americans were the lost tribe of Israel Europeans were not very scientific, they were very theological Europeans were shocked about the amount of individual autonomy and freedom Native Americans had Native Americans were dealing with a domino effect of violence and cultural dissolution -What was startling to the Europeans was Native American concepts of individual freedoms, democracy, and no religious notions -Most Iroquois had set rights through the maternal side. Father was not that important in
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ANTH316MidtermStudyGuide - Aug 25 Sean Ways of Thinking...

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