Theories of Crime

Theories of Crime - Theories of Crime 9/5/2006 6:37:00 PM...

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Theories of Crime 05/09/2006 18:37:00 What is policy? Whatever we can theorize, should be applicable through public policy. Short definition o A course of action put in place by an authority/government to address  a problem Regulation Regulating somebody’s behavior Citation/law DUI, DWI, public drunkenness The law itself is not enough Megan’s law o The societal need for protection from the  demonized population of society. The law is an outcome of a specific policy.
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Lecture Notes 05/09/2006 18:37:00 How do we measure crime? See Profiling Serious Offenders Notes 9/12/06 Operationalization o Self Report Delinquency Truancy Drug use Promiscuity Family Life                Alcohol Peers Stealing Vandalism Assess Measurement How and why do we bother to operationalize? Weakness and limitation of the study o Done the study themselves o Incredibly critical of reviews o Stagnant for 12 years Through our empirical testing o We can assess theories
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Thinking o Deductive* Theory Hypothesis Test Conclusion o Inductive Observations Hypothesis Create a test of measure Test will develop a theory Evidence to suggest that the event will occur Understand Causal Diagraming X Dependent (outcome) crime Y Independent ( ) race o Y1 (white), Y2 (Asian / Islander), Y3 (Hispanic), Y4 (Black), Y5  (American Indian) Extra Credit In order to oppose a category, you must , mathematically  speaking, leave out a y How can race impact crime? o If minorities are filling the jails, they are the ones more likely to be  committing crime o Y= age X= crime Enforce curfew, increase policing the young (problem = need more police to  enforce) Alleviate the problem by ditching the Y Moderate the Y through a social control (Z) and the X lowers.
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Lecture Notes 05/09/2006 18:37:00 Biological Theories
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Psychological Theories Sociological Theories Very different ways of looking at criminal behavior Biological Theories The “bad” gene Good theory has policy recommendations First real foreways into theories of crime o Deterrence then biological Lombroso o Lack of evolution (y yields x) (Impulse / drives)   crime Born Criminals
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Theories of Crime - Theories of Crime 9/5/2006 6:37:00 PM...

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