LING 110_20121_Lecture5(1)

LING 110_20121_Lecture5(1) - Words & Structure...

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Unformatted text preview: Words & Structure Morphology 3 Two-words or three-words compounds suggested theat stress in compounds is always on the lowest leftmost element: Gren house blck board p per r a ck quality qu lity paper r a ck but in longer compounds our generalization does no longer hold air line cbin crew air line cabin crew sfety training manual We need to change our hypothesis. But this does not mean that stress placement should not depend on structure. In fact it DOES! The General Stress Rule for English The General Stress Rule for English Compounds : Compounds : air line cabin crew safety training manual a) Start from the top node b) if the right node under it is branching go right otherwise go left air line cabin crew safety training manual c) Continue (b) till the bottom node air line cabin crew safety training manual d) At the bottom always go left a) Start from the top node b) if the right node under it is branching go right otherwise go left 1 2 3 4 5 c) Continue (b) till the bottom node c) At the bottom always go left Trde union delegate assembly leader The prediction for A+N compounds fits our previous generalization: Gren house Blck board Ble berry Wt suit . pper twel twel quality paper kitchen qulity pper ktchen rack We also correctly predict that in NNN compounds stress is on the leftmost lowest element: rack paper towel towel Inflection Inflection English English compounds compounds are very are very productive productive , , which is to say, it is very easy to create which is to say, it is very easy to create new compounds in English. new compounds in English. Just look around you while you are walking in a Just look around you while you are walking in a shopping mall and see how many of the store names, shopping mall and see how many of the store names, for instance, are compounds. ( for instance, are compounds. ( shopping mall shopping mall is itself a is itself a compound, as is compound, as is store name store name )....
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course LING 110Lg taught by Professor Borer during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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LING 110_20121_Lecture5(1) - Words & Structure...

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