LING 110_20121_Lecture6

LING 110_20121_Lecture6 - Words & Structure Morphology...

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Unformatted text preview: Words & Structure Morphology 4 Our Previous claim: every stem in a Structure is itself a word. One Exception: -Bound roots Re- is a suffix in: re-direct re-place re-form re-compose receive ? reduce? remit? reject? De- is a suffix in: de-form de-compose deceive ? deduce? deflate? desume? Dis- is a suffix in: dis-place dis-regard dis-integrate dis-qualify... dis-miss? Pre- is a suffix in: pre-dispose pre-dominate pre-suppose presume? And notice: resume, desume perceive receive conceive deceive permit remit commit submit emit transmit perception reception conception deception permission remission commission submission emission transmission produce reduce conduce deduce induce project reject inject eject production reduction conduction deduction induction projection rejection injection ejection Many words in English represent word formation operations which were based on stems that were once words, but now no longer are (e.g., couth) Sometimes, they were words in another language (French, Latin), and English borrowed from that language the affixed word, without borrowing the original one. So, ible (and its variant able) are still suffixes in English that attach to (new) verbs to form (new) adjectives. But we also find horrible, even though horr is not a word in English. ...
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course LING 110Lg taught by Professor Borer during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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