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Review for Mini-Exam 1

Review for Mini-Exam 1 - the viruses Be familiar with the...

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Material to Review for Mini-Exam 1 Tuesday, September 14 Mini-exam 1 is worth 50 points: 40 points will come from multiple choice questions & 10 points from short answer questions. Questions will come from Introduction to Microbiology, Microbial Diversity, and Prokaryotes 101 lecture material and accompanying reading as listed in the syllabus. Introduction to Microbiology Know the positive roles of microbes (breakdown of waste, normal microbiota, etc.) Know the negative roles of microbes Be familiar with the contributions of historically significant scientists: vanLeeuwenhoek, Semmelweiss, Lister, Pasteur, Koch Microbial Diversity Understand that Prokaryotic cells (like bacteria) do NOT have a nucleus or organelles, but Eukaryotic cells have a nucleus and organelles Be familiar with the general properties of the prokaryotic microbes o “True” bacteria (Eubacteria) o Archaea Be familiar with the general properties of the eukaryotic microbes o Fungi o Protozoa o Algae Be familiar with the general properties of
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Unformatted text preview: the viruses Be familiar with the taxonomic work of Linnaeus (von Linne), Haeckel, Whittaker, Woese Understand the progression of the science of taxonomy (and why the changes were made) from 2 kingdoms to 3 kingdoms to 5 kingdoms to 3 domains Understand the basic structures of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids Understand the general roles played by carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids in cells Prokaryotes 101 Understand the differences between light, darkfield, fluorescence, confocal, electron (scanning & transmission) microscopy Be familiar with the 5 common bacterial cell shapes Understand the functions of Glycocalyx/Capsule/Slime layer Flagella & Axial filaments Fimbriae Pili Cell membrane Cell wall (Peptidoglycan in bacteria) Cytoplasm Genetic Material (chromosome, plasmids) Ribosomes Actin cytoskeleton Inclusions Endospores (Sporulation/Germination) Be familiar with the differences between Gram (+) and Gram (-) cell walls...
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