Notes for Exam 2

Notes for Exam 2 - Notes for Exam 2 Strain Theories...

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Notes for Exam 2 17/10/2006 18:35:00 Strain Theories Durkheim and Anomie (1800s France) o Suicide study o Anomie –  In a state of normlessness, a society lacking rules o There are four responses for suicide o One of the few explanations of terrorist suicide bombing Merton (1938) o Strain came from not being able to achieve society’s goals through  society’s acceptable means Thus equaling in frustration Modes of adaptation / Goals / Means 1 Conformist / + / + => College student 2 Innovator / + / -   => Drug Dealer *(most criminal)* 3 Ritualist / - / +      => College degree becomes slacker 4 Retreatist / - / -     => Unibomber 5 Rebel / +- / +-      => David Karesh (Waco) (most  dangerous, society fears it the most) What happens when you cannot meat society’s goals through  society’s acceptable means Cohen (1955) o What are these kids trying to avoid, what are they frustrated about o Middle class measuring rod
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What we as a middle class would find frustrating Status frustration sets the tone It’s why there is vo-tech in high school and different  tracks Cloward and Ohlin (1960)  o Blocked opportunity Some people don’t have the ability to begin with, to have those  goals, or use those means Only way to achieve goal is through innovation Social class lays groundwork for opportunity 1 Differential structure 2 Goals out of reach Agnew (1995) o Stems from disjunction and more o Coping mechanism Can just be anti-social (i.e. alcohol to deal/cope) o Strain  Crime o        o     coping 1) Failure to achieve these positively valued goals positive and negative influence example: losing a parent will lead to what example: an abusive social interaction 2) Removal of positive influence 3) Presence of negative influence
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Learning Theory 17/10/2006 18:35:00 Explains how we commit crime
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Differential association Differential response Learning theory and social disorganization
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Notes for Exam 2 - Notes for Exam 2 Strain Theories...

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