Lecture 6 - Infant socioemotional development 2011 Student slides

Lecture 6 - Infant socioemotional development 2011 Student slides

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Unformatted text preview: Socio-Emotional Development in Infancy Lecture 6 January 31, 2011 Overview Erikson’s theory of personality development Emotional developmental milestones Attachment theory Romanian Institutional Rearing § Video § Article for paper #1 Temperament Birth to year 1 • Psychosocial conflict : Trust vs. mistrust • Conflict is resolved positively if, on balance , caregiving is sensitive, responsive and consistent. Years 1 - 3 • Psychosocial conflict: autonomy vs. shame & doubt • Conflict is resolved positively if parents handle assertions of independence w/ tolerance & understanding • Conflict resolved negatively if parents criticize insist on doing everything for child Erikson’s Theory of Early Personality Development Emotional Development Birth – pleasure and distress Basic emotions (interest, happiness, anger, fear, sadness) – are experienced by people worldwide and consist of three elements § A subjective feeling § physiological § An overt behavior Basic emotions all develop in the first year Focus on two important emotions: Emotional Development cont. Happiness - binds parent & baby; fosters competence § Reflexive smile – not in response to external stimuli § Social smile (~2 mos) – occurs in response to other faces Fear § First appears 7-8 months § seen in stranger anxiety (7-8 mos) - an expression of fear in response to unfamiliar adults Emotional Development: The Next Level Emergence of self-conscious emotions § Between 18-24 months § Self-evaluative component – involves injury to or enhancement of sense of self § Examples: embarassment, guilt, pride Understanding and responding to the emotions of others § Social referencing (~ 1 yr) = Checking back and monitoring a caregiver’s expression for cues as to how to behave in a potentially dangerous situation Development of Attachment Attachment - An enduring socioemotional relationship betw. infant and caregivers. Attachment cont. Four Phases of Development 1. Preattachment phase (birth to ~3 months) – infant elicits responses; responses lay groundwork. 2. Attachment-in-the-making phase (4 to 7/8 mos) • Respond differently to diff people, but does not yet protest when separated from parent • Soothed more easily by parent 3. Clear-cut attachment phase (7/8 mos - ~ 3 yrs) – Infant has singled out the caregiver as a special...
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Lecture 6 - Infant socioemotional development 2011 Student slides

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