Lecture 9 - middle childhood physical and cognitive 2011 student slides

Lecture 9 - middle childhood physical and cognitive 2011 student slides

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Unformatted text preview: Physical and Cognitive Development in Middle Childhood Lecture 9 February 14, 2011 Zeanah and other (2009) Background prior work There is an association between adverse early experiences and psychopathology (psychiatric morbidity) Children adopted from orphanages with poor conditions (low caregiver:child ratio) are at risk for mental disorders Attachment disorders ADHD PTSD Background limitations to prior work Children were not randomly adopted out of the institutions Parents/agency selected them Why is this a problem? When comparing to children who remain in the institution? When comparing to children never institutionalized? How do you avoid this? Randomization Participants are drawn from the same population and randomly assigned to be placed in foster care or stay in the orphanage Overview Physical development focus on obesity Trends over the last 20 years Factors that may account for increased rates of obesity Consequences of obesity Video Middle childhood cognition Piagets concrete operational stage Vygotskys sociocultural theory Information processing theory ADHD The Obesity Epidemic Definitions of obesity 20% higher than ideal weight Adults: Overweight=BMI of 25-29.9; Obese = BMI>30 Chn: BMI>85th age-sex specific percentile compared to the norms from the first measure conducted = overweight; BMI>95th percentile = obese. Increasing prevalence across the nation Obesity is increasing rapidly among chn, youth, and adults in the US 65% of US adults are either overweight or obese 32% of US children/teens are overweight; 11% are obese Prevalence of being overweight in US for chn 6-11 increased 325% from 1974 to 1999 Increases found in all regions of the country, urban/rural, both sexes, all ethnic groups, rich and poor 1995...
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Lecture 9 - middle childhood physical and cognitive 2011 student slides

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