Lecture 11 middle childhood social development_2011 student slides

Lecture 11 middle childhood social development_2011 student slides

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Middle Childhood Socio- Emotional Development Lecture 11 February 21, 2011
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Overview Erikson’s stage – Industry vs. Inferiority Self-understanding Aggression Boisjoli and colleagues (2007) study § Prevention study of at risk boys  Social world of middle childhood § Families § Peers Ø Friendships Ø Acceptance/rejection Ø Bullying/being bullied
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Age range: 6-12 years Attempt to master many new skills valued by culture. Goal is  industry  = A willingness to work  achieve goals § Fostered by adult’s expectations and children’s drive  towards mastery § Come to realize that hard work produces results Negative outcome = having a sense of yourself as  inferior  or incompetent -  will never be good at anything Erikson’s Stages: Industry vs. Inferiority
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The Development of Self-Understanding Changes in Self-awareness (the way we think of ourselves) Emphasize traits and competencies in self-descriptions § § Start out bold and global, and gradually more nuanced Increase in social comparisons Become better at reading messages received from others and  at incorporating these into self-descriptions
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Self-Understanding cont. Changes in Self-Esteem  Self-esteem becomes hierarchically structured Four separate self-esteems: academic, athletic, social, and  physical appearance All combine to form an overall self-image Each area of self-esteem becomes more refined with age due to: § § Getting feedback in different activities
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An act intended to harm another person Aggression can be classified according to: § The  motivation  behind it Ø Instrumental aggression is used to achieve a goal Ø Reactive aggression occurs out of anger or frustration § The  form  it takes: Ø Direct aggression is overt. It can be physical or verbal Ø Relational aggression is designed to harm someone’s relationships, and may be covert or “sneaky” § In middle childhood, direct decreases while relational  increases § Girls typically use more relational aggression whereas 
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course PSYCH 250 taught by Professor Ward during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture 11 middle childhood social development_2011 student slides

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