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final_study_guide-1 history

final_study_guide-1 history - History 64 Final Notes Menchu...

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History 64 Final Notes Menchu 2. What do the fincas (plantations) represent? How is life for the Mayan Indians on the fincas? Represent capitalism away from the communal land holdings the Indians have. Very different area from where Indians left. Repetition of debt peonage. Indians exploited by cotton capitalism – happens everywhere. 3. What does the Catholic church/religion represent in this work? It represents liberation theology. Empowerment. To empower the poor. The church is doing this with the communities. Trying to inform the peasants. Become educated into the Spanish world. Trying to work with the power to make them literate and such. Not all priests are part of this liberation theology. 4. What examples of gender relations, ie. Inequality are stated in this autobiography? She sees the meaning of inequalities as she is growing up. Men get a lot more attention when they are being educated and such. Socialization of gender is a problem. Gender racism was troubling in her life as she broke the trend. She was publicly a strong woman emotionally and an active leader in the community. She does not mention the criticism or opposition of her leadership. Women are abused sexually and men are educated. Killing women is a pattern at the time. “It doesn’t matter if a woman dies.” 5. Why does racism/oppression against Mayan people exist in Guatemala at this time. Cite major examples of this racism in Menchu’s work. When she is a domestic servant and the way she is treated. The sexual expectations of her is an example. She says the dog ate better than me, and I had to buy my own clothes, which they charge me for, and they expect me to have sex with the owner’s son. 6. What was the Mayan view of ladinos? Menchu brings up the topic of Mayans viewing Ladinos. Mayans don’t want to assimilate into Ladino culture because they seem then as bad people. Father doesn’t want Menchu to learn Spanish or anything having to do with Ladinos. Fathers perception shows the Mayan mentality. He sees them as exploiters, and rapists, and murderers. Significance is the importance of being bilingual which Menchu was. 7. We only trust people who eat what we eat. Meaning and sig. Think about what Ladinos eat and think about what Mayans eat. The Mayans are considered dirty because of the environment they cook and raise their food. So if you won’t eat pork or dirty water
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they drink, then they know you’re different and don’t trust you. They don’t use metal ware. They use tortillas as their instrument to eat. Mayans knew they were already looked down upon. Handout 15 1. Manuel Estrada took the presidency after the assassination of José María Reina . He encouraged development of the nation's infrastructure of highways , railroads , and sea ports . The United Fruit Company became an important force in Guatemala during his presidency. In 1906 Estrada faced serious revolts against his rule; the rebels were supported by the governments of some of the other Central American nations, but Estrada succeeded in putting them down. Estrada continued in power until forced to resign by
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