201 case review

201 case review - (Declension Declension of nouns(that is...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Склонение (Declension) Declension склоне ́ ние of nouns имена ́ существи ́ тельные (that is, putting them in different cases падежи ́ ) involves adding endings оконча ́ ния to the root ко ́ рень of the word (or, more properly, to the stem осно ́ ва ). Before adding a new ending, you need to: know the gender род of the noun remove any existing ending know whether you need a hard твѐрдое or soft мя ́ гкое ending check whether spelling rules apply keep in mind any modifications to the stem: оте ́ ц, ры ́ нок, ковѐр (fleeting o/e), мать, дочь (addition to stem in oblique forms), сосед (softening of stem in plural), друг, сын, брат (addition and softening to stem in plural) The chart below only shows endings ; see the charts at the back of your book for examples with sample nouns. Note that for proper pronunciation you also need to take into account stress shifts (сестра
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online