102- 4 - The Enlightenment - The Enlightenment Reason in...

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The EnlightenmentReason in Human AffairsThe Philosophes:-Montesquieu (1689-1755) – balance of political power -Diderot (1713-85) – Encyclopedia-Voltaire (1694-1778) – freedom of expression-Rousseau (1712-78 – The Social Contract(1762)Enlightened Despotism?-Russia– Catherine the Great (r. 1762-96) – legal, administrative reforms; serfdom untouched; Pugachev Rebellion (1773-4) halts reform.-Austria– Maria Theresa (r. 1740-80) – administrative and tariff reform;
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Term
Spring
Professor
Osokina
Tags
Montesquieu, Voltaire, Louis XVI, Age of Enlightenment, Maria Theresa, Frederick II of Prussia, political power Diderot

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