102- 4 - The Enlightenment

102- 4 - The Enlightenment - Joseph II (r. 1780-90) –...

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The Enlightenment Reason in Human Affairs The Philosophes : - Montesquieu (1689-1755) – balance of political power - Diderot (1713-85) – Encyclopedia - Voltaire (1694-1778) – freedom of expression - Rousseau (1712-78 – The Social Contract (1762) Enlightened Despotism? - Russia – Catherine the Great (r. 1762-96) – legal, administrative reforms; serfdom untouched; Pugachev Rebellion (1773-4) halts reform. - Austria – Maria Theresa (r. 1740-80) – administrative and tariff reform;
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Unformatted text preview: Joseph II (r. 1780-90) – abolition of serfdom; ‘freedom’ laws.-Prussia – Frederick the Great (r. 1740-86) – limited reforms (e.g. freedom of religion); focus still on state supporting army-France – Louis XVI (r. 1774-92) – reform too dangerous-Britain – George III (r. 1760-1810) – King vs. Parliament; pressure for reform...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course HIST 102 taught by Professor Osokina during the Spring '10 term at South Carolina.

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