Lecture+6+-+Deviance

Lecture+6+-+Deviance - Lecture 6 Deviance and Social...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 6 Deviance and Social Control Deviance: Any violation of socially established norms or rules of behavior. Includes : Informal rules (e.g., dont budge in line) Formal rules or laws (e.g., dont steal) Deviant acts are not necessarily illegal acts. But all deviant acts violate a social rule. Deviance Defined There is nothing intrinsic about an act that makes it deviant. Whether an act is deviant depends on how other people react to it in a given social context. Deviance Defined Biological Explanations : Deviants are people who are less developed in an evolutionary sense. Lombrosos study of Italian prisons. Lombrosos theory was later debunked; physical differences cannot distinguish deviants from non deviants. NonSociological Explanations for Deviance Psychological Explanations : Deviance is the result of personality factors (e.g., weak conscience, aggressive personality), typically arising from unsuccessful socialization. These theories couldnt explain why only a small percentage of people with aggressive personalities actually commit violence. NonSociological Explanations for Deviance Emile Durkheim was one of the first researchers to look for the causes of deviance in terms of social rather than individual factors. Studied suicide (suicide rates, not individual acts) Sociological Explanations for Deviance: Functionalism Durkheim argued that the good health of any society depends on the collective conscience a societys shared values, beliefs, norms, and goals. The late 19 th century was a time of major social transformations, when people believed that society was falling apart....
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Lecture+6+-+Deviance - Lecture 6 Deviance and Social...

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