Lecture+5+-+Socialization

Lecture+5+-+Socialization - Lecture 5 Socialization...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 5 Socialization Socialization: The process by which people learn how to become functioning members of society. The process by which we become aware of ourselves as a part of a group, how we learn to communicate with others in the group, and how we learn the behavior thats expected of us. Socialization Defined Socialization takes place through formal instruction and (more often) through informal observation. Busiest during childhood, but socialization takes place every time we join a new group. Socialization Defined One consequence of socialization is that existing values, beliefs, and practices tend to get reproduced. This includes aspects of our culture that create and maintain social inequality. Socialization Defined Socialization is a dynamic process involving interactions between people; it does not simply happen to people. We learn to create our social selves in the socialization process. How Socialization Works How Socialization Works Charles Cooley was the first sociologist to suggest that our sense of self emerges through interaction with others. Three step process: 1. We must assume the point of view of others and imagine how they see us. 2. We interpret other peoples reactions and decide how they evaluate us. 3. We develop a self concept. How Socialization Works Cooley called this self image based on how we think others see us the looking glass self . How Socialization Works George Herbert Mead: To become fully adult members of society, we must be able to recognize the other . Play and games as children are key to developing as sense of the other. Imitation Peek-a-boo Playing pretend Games How Socialization Works According to Mead, the final step in childhood socialization is understanding the concept of the generalized other ....
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course SOC 100 taught by Professor Chen during the Winter '08 term at University of Michigan.

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Lecture+5+-+Socialization - Lecture 5 Socialization...

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