Lecture+3+-+Research+Methods

Lecture+3+-+Research+Methods - Sociological Methods Lecture...

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Lecture 3 Sociological Methods
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A theory is an explanation for how certain facts  are related to one another.  All theories rest on  certain assumptions about how the world works. Importance of Theory & Methods
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Example A study recently found that  nationally, 72 percent of the  girls and 65 percent of the boys  in the high school class of 2003  earned their diplomas and  graduated from high school. Importance of Theory & Methods
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Without  theory , research is no more than a  collection of meaningless facts. Without  research , theory is just an abstraction. Good sociology depends on the integration of  theory and research. Importance of Theory & Methods
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Research methods refer to  the tools that social scientists  use to describe, explore, and  explain social phenomena in  an ethical fashion. Research Methods
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Like the natural sciences,  sociologists follow the rules  of scientific method by  using data to demonstrate  a position. Research Methods Data : Formal or systematic information that is organized and coherent. Data : Formal or systematic information that is organized and coherent.
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Unlike the natural  sciences, sociologists  are trying to study  human behavior . This often requires  considerably more  methodological  ingenuity. Research Methods
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Research Methods Collect information about  the social world that is in  numeric form or that can  be converted to numeric  form Primarily used in statistical  analyses Collect information that  can’t easily be converted  to numeric form E.g., perception, meaning,  interactions, processes Quantitative Methods Qualitative Methods
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Surveys are an ordered  series of questions  intended to elicit  information from some 
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Lecture+3+-+Research+Methods - Sociological Methods Lecture...

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