Parameters of European Integration

Parameters of European Integration - Parameters of European...

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Parameters of European Integration  I. The Concept of European Integration 1. post-WWII (1945) more of successful attempts at integration 2. Organizing multitude of nations and ethnicities into more/less coherent political entity how states should be related & preservation of autonomy and sovereignty II. Minimalism vs. Maximalism 1. Need for organizational vehicle that finally would be able to deliver peace and prosperity (4) 2. “maximalist” = European of U.S. federal structure Italy’s Altiero Spinelli – need for both political/economic union to secure long-term peace 3. “minimalist” = loose union based on trade relations b/w sovereign member states (4) Britain’s Winston Churchill – establish peace through stronger trade & prospect of war would reduce (Immanuel Kant) III. Intergovernmentalism vs. Supranationalism 1. supranationalism = institutions/policies supersede power of natl. equivalents (5) e.g. European Court Justice vs. national courts e.g. Single European currency 2. intergovernmentalism = integration through cooperation b/w natl. govt. and no new institutions (6) e.g. EU foreign policy (condemning apartheid in S. Africa) IV. The Impact of WWII
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prevent emergence of renewed conflict (another war) 2. Treat of Versailles rise of fascism in E. Europe (7) 3. US presents Marshall Plan (1945) to prevent spread of communism/political instability (7) market-oriented/capitalist economic system 4. Organization for European Cooperation (OEEC) = W. Europe prepare for supranational integration (7) 5. Council of Europe (1949) – protection of human rights/peaceful Europe V. The European Coal and Steel Community 1. France = 1 st to supranational integration (8) steel – production of weapons / coal – energy for factories authority independent of natl. interests = reduce likelihood of war 3. Robert Schuman enacts European Coal & Steel Community (ECSC) not altruistic since only served French natl. interest France, W. Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg Eventually become “original 6” of EU VI. Toward a European Defense Community (EDC) 1. Monnet’s European Defense Community (EDC) created to allow remilitarization of Germany under supranational authority (9)
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course CICS 101 taught by Professor Farnsworth during the Winter '10 term at University of Michigan.

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Parameters of European Integration - Parameters of European...

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