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Parameters of European Integration

Parameters of European Integration - Parameters of European...

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Parameters of European Integration  I. The Concept of European Integration 1. post-WWII (1945) more of successful attempts at integration 2. Organizing multitude of nations and ethnicities into more/less coherent political entity how states should be related & preservation of autonomy and sovereignty II. Minimalism vs. Maximalism 1. Need for organizational vehicle that finally would be able to deliver peace and prosperity (4) 2. “maximalist” = European of U.S. federal structure Italy’s Altiero Spinelli – need for both political/economic union to secure long-term peace 3. “minimalist” = loose union based on trade relations b/w sovereign member states (4) Britain’s Winston Churchill – establish peace through stronger trade & prospect of war would reduce (Immanuel Kant) III. Intergovernmentalism vs. Supranationalism 1. supranationalism = institutions/policies supersede power of natl. equivalents (5) e.g. European Court Justice vs. national courts e.g. Single European currency 2. intergovernmentalism = integration through cooperation b/w natl. govt. and no new institutions (6) e.g. EU foreign policy (condemning apartheid in S. Africa) IV. The Impact of WWII
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1. Goal for govt.: rebuild economies and largely destroyed infrastructure (6) prevent emergence of renewed conflict (another war) 2. Treat of Versailles rise of fascism in E. Europe (7) 3. US presents Marshall Plan (1945) to prevent spread of communism/political instability (7) market-oriented/capitalist economic system 4. Organization for European Cooperation (OEEC) = W. Europe prepare for supranational integration (7) 5. Council of Europe (1949) – protection of human rights/peaceful Europe V. The European Coal and Steel Community 1. France = 1 st to supranational integration (8) 2. Jean Monnet – steal & coal = essential to war (8) steel – production of weapons / coal – energy for factories authority independent of natl. interests = reduce likelihood of war 3. Robert Schuman enacts European Coal & Steel Community (ECSC) not altruistic since only served French natl. interest France, W. Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg Eventually become “original 6” of EU Britain opposed b/c wanted to nationalize coal & steel VI. Toward a European Defense Community (EDC) 1. Monnet’s European Defense Community (EDC) created to allow remilitarization of Germany under supranational authority (9)
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