Module Two - Guide to Module Two: International Relations...

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Guide to Module Two: International Relations In the first module, we learned that after World War II, international political and economic institutions were established to facilitate international peace, cooperation, and prosperity. In this module, we had an introduction to the international state system that was operating behind those developments. First, we learned what nations and states are, and their relationship. Then, we examined some of the reasons why states cooperate, as well as challenges (like globalization) to their sovereignty. We also explored what it means to be a strong, weak, or failed state, and had an introduction to some of the ways political scientists assess (e.g. matrixes and indices) “stateness.” The European Union is a powerful example of the increasing interdependence we talked about in module one, and in this module we learned about some of the ways in which the European Union has the makings of a supranational government. What are the most basic institutions that comprise the European Union and how can they be compared to federalism in the US? We also had a chance to consider the European Union from historical, political, and economic perspectives. What did France and Germany gain? And what do other states gain by cooperating? We had an introduction to how economists analyze the benefits of cooperation by looking at customs unions and optimal currency areas. In this module, we were exposed to many examples of the way in which the international state system is not sufficient to ensure increasing peace, cooperation, and prosperity in the world today. When states, in particular, become weak or fail, they have tremendous power to harm. The next three modules will pick up this theme and explore it from three different perspectives: human rights and human security; earth systems; and human development. Learning goals for this module The International State System 1) Not all nations have states. What is a nation is and how is it different from the state? What are some difficulties associated with not all nations having a state? States (e.g = Iraq/Yeman/any state in UN.) • Have internal autonomy with a monopoly on the legitimate use of force • Legally equal, with an external autonomy • States respect one another’s territorial integrity and have boundaries. Nations (Kurds in N. Iraq/Turkey, Igbos in Nigeria) • socio-cultural entity, a union of people sharing who can identify culturally and linguistically : e.g. history, culture, identity, religion, language, traditions, ethnicity, etc. • doesn’t necessarily consider formal political unions. 2) What are some challenges to state sovereignty? • Main point: sovereign state system helps to solve some issues in world politics, while
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course CICS 101 taught by Professor Farnsworth during the Winter '10 term at University of Michigan.

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Module Two - Guide to Module Two: International Relations...

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