Module One: Globalization
What is globalization? Is it the integration of economic, political, and cultural systems across the globe?
Or is it the dominance of developed countries in decision-making, at the expense of poorer, less
powerful nations? Is globalization a force for economic growth, prosperity, and democratic freedom? Or
is it a force for environmental devastation, exploitation, and suppression of human rights? Does
globalization only benefit the rich, or can the poor take advantage of it to improve their well being?
What globalization means is changing over time.
The goal of this module is to mobilize
thinking skills so that you have information and concepts that can help you answer some of the main
and engage in the debates
concerning globalization yourselves. In future modules, we will
continue to trace the various flows associated with globalization and understand the interdependencies
that it represents.
1) Be comfortable with the definition of globalization that centers on flows and interdependence.
• intensified transnational movement of ideas, people, goods, and capital
• processes through which regions and their economies, societies, and cultures have
become more interdependent through communication, transportation, and trade.
• Nations can no longer develop economically and technically on their own. A nation has to
be part of the global development system if it wants to prosper.
: during this process, Western ideas and modes of living are gradually seeping into
the fabric of the world.
2) Be able to provide a brief and
answer regarding the
debates or questions
concerning globalization covered in lecture (e.g. that globalization is new).
1. “Globalization is Nothing New”
: equates migration & trade w/ globalization
• During the Age of Discovery
: exchange of crops, human population (slaves), cattle’s, diseases, etc.
: Communication of decimation, and eventually, death of natives
• During Industrialization
: New technology (communications, transportation)
: Level of integration = prodigious
• Contemporary Globalization –
(the reason why answer is YES)
: Centrality of individual is greater
: Modern communication/transportation technology makes transfer of ideas faster,
easier, and cheaper
: Conditions in receiving culture = important (politicized/contested)
2. Who/What Drives Globalization?
(Communications and transportation technology facilitates)
• The initial framework