SID99Hopper - 21st Century Aerospace Defense Displays *...

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Air Force Research Laboratory Hopper, SID Digest Invited Talk-Paper 29.1, page 1 of 4 21 st Century Aerospace Defense Displays * Darrel G. Hopper Air Force Research Laboratory Mailing Address: 2255 H Street, Bldg 248 Rm 300, Wright Patterson AFB OH 45433-7022 Telephone: (937) 255-8822, Fax: (937) 255-8366, E-mail: darrel.hopper@wpafb.af.mil * P ub licatio n Citatio n : D . G . Ho p per, & I nvited Pa per 21 s t Centur y A er o sp ace D ef en s e Disp lay s,± in So ciety f or I n f o r m a t i o n D i s p l a y ( S I D ) S y m p o s i u m T e c h n i c a l D i g e s t , S es sio n 29 &A pp licatio n s: Air bo rn e D is plays ,± paper 2 9.1, p p. 4 14 - 41 7 ( 19 99 ). ABSTRACT Aerospace and defense during the next few years will be dominated by the active matrix liquid crystal display, which became the preferred avionics displays technology in 1992. The trend just begun to replace electromechanical and cathode ray tube technologies with newer flat panel displays will accelerate in the 2000-2010 period as the commercial market continues its move towards digital flat television. Beyond 2010 high definition displays will begin to have a significant impact on fielded air fleets, with ultrahigh definition and even true three-D displays beyond 2020. By 2050 fully immersive cockpits may be anticipated for air and space vehicles and their simulators. INTRODUCTION Acquisition reform requires aerospace defense applications in the early 21 st century to rely on the commercial marketplace insofar as possible. There are three simultaneous conditions on acquisition reform, all of which are well exemplified by the component technology of displays: (1) integrated display subsystems delivered and bolted into fielded aerospace defense vehicles must work under the full range of documented operational and storage conditions (transport, combat, missions other than war); (2) replacement displays must cost less than those currently in fielded systems to own and operate; and (3) new display capabilities must drive a revolution in aerospace or military affairs. These conditions comprise the principle of acquisition reform²affordability, expressed as minimal cost per mission metric: $/air-tonnage-mile, $/target, $/passenger-mile. Display acquisiton is of strong current concern in both the Congress and DoD. 1 The principal of &performance specification± is central to the new acquisition paradigm. A performance specification (a) evolves over years through several levels of knowledge (research, manufacturing, fielded) as a display technology variant matures, (b) comprises parameters both generic (life cycle cost, efficacy, visual thrust) and specific (maximum luminance, color coordinates, viewability angles), and (c) varies substantially among classes of application (combat, C4I, support, office). The contrast between the visual thrust provided by fielded electronic displays to aerospace crews and warfighters at the end of the 20 th century (1 megapixel) and the ideal capacity of the human visual system (1 gigapixel)²both with 8 bit or higher greyscale per color and full motion video with 60 Hz
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course CS 91.510 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at UMass Lowell.

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SID99Hopper - 21st Century Aerospace Defense Displays *...

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