Midterm 1 - List of terms for first midterm Political...

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List of terms for first midterm Political Science 103 Fall 2011 Anarchy- The absence of central authority with the ability to make and enforce laws that bind all actors International political setting is anarchy Self enforcing cooperation Constant fear Quest for power to secure safety Costly signals Preemptive war- war fought in anticipation that an attack by the other side is imminent. Leads to a first-strike advantage Preventive war- A war fought with the intention of preventing an adversary from becoming stronger in the future. Arises when a state whose power is increasing cannot commit to not exploiting newly found power in future bargaining interactions. (Iraq war) Collective action - An obstacles to cooperation that occurs when actors have incentives to collaborate but each acts in anticipation that the other will bare the cost of cooperation. Detrimental to providing a public good International institutions- when one is willing to bare the cost action is taken but otherwise it is hard to get others to pay the cost. Rally effect - tendency of people to become more supportive of their country/ leaders in times of crisis or war. (September 11 and Iraq war) Marshall Plan- was the large-scale American program to aid europe where the United States gave monetary support to help rebuild European economies after the end of WWII in order to combat the spread of Soviet communism Corn Laws- Repealed in 1846 by Britain to usher free trade. This was one of the laws of Mercantilism. It created trade barriers between competition cereals. Cobden-Chevlier Treaty- Was a free trade treaty signed between the UK and France in 1860. Hawkish preferences - Increase or decrease the opportunity of conflict. Influence the cost and benefits of conflict. Such as widen or narrow the scope of goods over which the states leader might be willing to go to war. They determine the states demands, when and how the states foreign policy interests will come into conflict with those of other states. Prisoners’ Dilemma- Symmetrical interest DC>CC>DD>CD common good that one wants to free ride. Form actions based on the anticipated actions of other prisoner. Incentive to defect.
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Stag Hunt- Cooperation and collaboration benefit both actors. If you have trust then you will cooperate. Mutual equilibrium CC>DD>DC>CD Bargaining model- flash card. Bargaining failure
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Midterm 1 - List of terms for first midterm Political...

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