part 2 - Health Most accurate U.S figure? There are more...

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Health 17:16 Most accurate U.S figure? There are more than 25 STI 19million new STI year year ½ new cases = young people 15-24 years of age 2010 WI Healthy Youth Act must include recognizing preventing sexual abuse and dating violence understanding the physical and emotional change of puberty and adolescence healthy relationships including family friends and dating healthy life skills such as goal setting, decision making and stress management how drugs and alcohol impairs judgment importance of abstinence and the only certain wait to prevent pregnancy how to prevent pregnancy STI Bacteria -  large group of unicellular “living” microorganisms  Reproduce by cell division  Can grow on organic and non-orgnaic matter Few species that are pathogenic (Chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, some forms of  vaginitis) Bacterial infection can occur when
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Harmful bacteria enter the body Existing bacteria get out of balance Make toxins that can damage the cells they have invaded Shiga Toxin, caused by E. coli bacteria, fecal contamination Some bacterial infections are contagious and some are not. How does the body respond to bacteria? Anatomic barriers : skin mucous, membranes, tears, earwax, stomach acid Imunte system:  white blood cells (lymphocytes) and atnibodes identify and try to  eliminate bacteria Some signs: fever, vomiting, swelling, discharge, pain diarrhea Treatment Antibiotics Bactericidal: kill bacteria Bacteriostatic: interrupts the growth of bacteria and ability to multiply Negatives aspects of antibiotics Can also kill good bacteria Can build up resistance Allergies Contraindications Can cause oral contraceptives to not work Viruses- Non living organisms
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Require a living host to multiply Capsules of genetic material (DNA or RNA) When a host cell is attacked, it produces copies of the original virus at a very fast rate Difficult to kill May eventually kill host cell Some viruses Are contagious Some are not contagious Do not apparent change in the infected cell. Hard to see if cell is infects. Cell may die  without us seeing it was infected by virus Prevention and treatment Vaccines Live vaccines (attenuated Non-live vaccines Basic science of HIV Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired Immune deficiency syndrome Retrovirus (reverse)= RNA genetic information is copied/transcribed into DNA of the  host cell (by reverse transcription) Transmitted person to person through blood, semen, and vaginal fluids (also pre- ejaculate, and breast milk) How does the immune system respond? Two lymphocytes:
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course GEN&WS 103 taught by Professor Aracelialonso during the Fall '11 term at Wisconsin.

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part 2 - Health Most accurate U.S figure? There are more...

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