Hist 130

Hist 130 - Hist 130 DAY 1 17:43 Question What is"modern...

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Hist 130 17:43 DAY 1 Question: What is “modern” about modern African history? What does it mean to be  “modern”? Economic measures-technology, industrialization, development, infrastructure Political measures- nation-state autonomy, individual rights, public welfare system, tax  systems Cultural measures- dress, fashion, architecture, entertainment, gender expression,  sexuality Question: What is “African” about African History? Many people have a negative connotation when they think of Africa. Africa is a huge  continent and most peoples views are wrong. Question: What is “history” in Africa? Economic history- africa’s place in the world economy, economic transformations over  time Political history- European imperialism, anti-colonial struggles, political independence,  ethnic conflicts Social/Cultural history- changes in everyday life, gender relations, class relations,  music, sports. Global history- exploring transnational connections, against Euro-centrism Historical Pathwways to the modern world How is the transition made from the pre-modern to the modern? What is the role of internal dynamics? What is the role of external dynamics? SUMMARY Africa and the problem of sterotypes Africa is seen as a place without history Africa is seen as a primitive place, without modern attributes DAY 2 External Influences Colonial Period (pre-1885) Early modern empires-spanish, portuguese, dutch Economic trade-atlantic, trans-saharan,indian ocean 1
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Slave trades-atlantic, trans-saharan, indian ocean Early Modern Empires Spanish-15 th  to 20 th  centuries Western hemisphere, phillipines Much of western north America and south America. Portuguese-15 th  to 20 th  centuries Brazil, angola, Mozambique, Goa Controlled mainly coastal areas of Africa, south America, some parts of asia, etc. Dutch-17 th  to 20 th  centuries East indies, sri lanka, nyc, southern Africa Held a general interest in trade with south asia, southeast asia, and east Asia. Trade in rare commodities-precious metals, spices, tea Little desire for territorial control The Slave Trade Trans-Saharan trade and indian ocean trade 18 th  to 19 th  centuries 8-25 million people (unknown) Trans-Atlantic trade 1441 15 th  to 19 th  centuries 10-12 million slaves arrived in the western hemisphere 25-40 million initially captured but mortality rate was approximately 50%. Deaths due to bad conditions on ships during the middle passage. Triangle Trade
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Hist 130 - Hist 130 DAY 1 17:43 Question What is"modern...

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