Arthur - rights are of recipience, i.e. the right to be...

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Tuesday, January 17, 2012 2:15 PM PG. 593 1. What part of our moral code does Arthur think is being ignored by Peter Singer? Sense of rights, entitlements or deserts. 1. Explain Arthur's argument for why our moral code does not require the sort of heroism involved in actions such as giving up one's kidney or eye. There would be more donations if you made it voluntary. You have to take into account the costs and losses when you make something a rule or moral code. When rules become mandatory, they create psychological costs for those who live under the rule. Impractical rules encourage people to do the opposite. 1. Explain the distinction between negative and positive moral rights according to Arthur. Give examples of each . Pg. 587 - negative, the right to life, property and the freedom of religion, they are natural. Positive
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Unformatted text preview: rights are of recipience, i.e. the right to be housed, fed and clothed. PG. 599 1. Explain how rights can be instruments, constraints or goals according to Sen. What does he think the advantages of the goal view of rights are? 1. Explain what Sen means when he talks about the right not to be hungry. How does he use the notion of background rights to argue for his view? Arthur Rule consequentialism - rule utilitarianism You should act in accordance with the moral code (ideal or in society), that is such so that if people were to generally follow it, it would produce the most moral good Questioning whether the moral code you have would be an ideal code? Act consequentialism - Background Rights - The kind of thing that legislators and supreme court justices assuming that we arrange thing so that rules are in effect...
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course PHIL 163H taught by Professor Hill during the Spring '12 term at UNC.

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