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Unformatted text preview: Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series 2, Part A 1. In which period were the states into which ancient China divided more numerous, the Spring and Autumn period or the Warring States period? 春春春春 Spring & Autumn had more (148), but the states were consolidated thus sparking the Warring States period. 2. In the Warring States period, what state was the first to start putting legalist principles into practice? 春 Qín (春春 Shāng Yāng started it) 3. What dynasty is said to have come to an end soon after its last king started setting fire to signal pyres on a mountain outside the capital? 春春 the Zhōu dynasty was destroyed by 春春春 King Yōu when he lit pyres to amuse 春春 Bāo Sì, his concubine 4. What major state split into three smaller states at the beginning of the Warring States era? 春 Jìn, split into 春 Hán春春 Zhào春and 春 Wèy 5. What ruler did Guăn Zhòng serve as prime minister? 春春春 Lord (Duke?) Huán of Qí 6. What prompted Kŏngzĭ to say “Fierce government is worse than tigers? He met a woman whose husband and son were both killed by tigers, yet she stayed in the land because the government was not harsh. 7. After Bì Yù Ràng had tried twice to assassinate the Zhào Xiāngzĭ, the latter allowed him to take symbolic revenge before taking his own life. What was this symbolic revenge? 春春春 Zhào Xiāngz allowed ǐ 春春春 Bì Yùràng to stab at his cloak, shouting "In this way alone can I avenge 春春 the count of Zhī!" 8. Why did Sūn Bīn become a deadly enemy of Páng Juān, though the two had once been close friends and fellow students? Because 春春 Páng Juān, fearful of his abilities, had 春春 Sūn Bīn's kneecaps removed and his face tattooed on a criminal charge, making it hard to be seen in public. 9. In Mèngzĭ there is a story about a mountain that once had been covered with lush vegetation, but later became bare and ugly due to the incessant activities of woodcutters, cattle-herders, and other plunderers. What is the point of the story? That people are born good, but the hardships of life drive them to evil things. 10. Who attracted the attention of Guăn Zhòng and then of Qí Huán-gōng by tapping the horns of his ox and singing a song, parts of which went, “South Mount glistens, / South Rock glitters,… / Never have I seen a Yáo yield to Shùn,… / The long night stretches long, / When will it dawn?” 春春 Níng Qī 11. What mythical Chinese ruler is said to have served his parents devotedly, even though they tried on two occasions to kill him? 春 Shùn (followed 春 Yào) 12. With what school of philosophy are the writings of Zhuāngzĭ associated? 春春 Zhuāngz contributed to ǐ 春春 Daoism; is credited with writing book titled with his name; famous for having the butterfly dream (is he Zhuāngz dreaming he is a butterfly or vice ǐ versa?) 13. Who is quoted in several places as saying, “I am not distressed at the failure of others to know me; I am 13....
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This note was uploaded on 02/13/2012 for the course CHIN 252 taught by Professor Henry during the Fall '07 term at UNC.
- Fall '07