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Unformatted text preview: Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series 2, Part A 1. In which period were the states into which ancient China divided more numerous, the Spring and Autumn period or the Warring States period? Spring & Autumn had more (148), but the states were consolidated thus sparking the Warring States period. 2. In the Warring States period, what state was the first to start putting legalist principles into practice? Qn ( Shng Yng started it) 3. What dynasty is said to have come to an end soon after its last king started setting fire to signal pyres on a mountain outside the capital? the Zhu dynasty was destroyed by King Yu when he lit pyres to amuse Bo S, his concubine 4. What major state split into three smaller states at the beginning of the Warring States era? Jn, split into Hn Zhoand Wy 5. What ruler did Gun Zhng serve as prime minister? Lord (Duke?) Hun of Q 6. What prompted Kngz to say Fierce government is worse than tigers? He met a woman whose husband and son were both killed by tigers, yet she stayed in the land because the government was not harsh. 7. After B Y Rng had tried twice to assassinate the Zho Xingz, the latter allowed him to take symbolic revenge before taking his own life. What was this symbolic revenge? Zho Xingz allowed B Yrng to stab at his cloak, shouting "In this way alone can I avenge the count of Zh!" 8. Why did Sn Bn become a deadly enemy of Png Jun, though the two had once been close friends and fellow students? Because Png Jun, fearful of his abilities, had Sn Bn's kneecaps removed and his face tattooed on a criminal charge, making it hard to be seen in public. 9. In Mngz there is a story about a mountain that once had been covered with lush vegetation, but later became bare and ugly due to the incessant activities of woodcutters, cattle-herders, and other plunderers. What is the point of the story? That people are born good, but the hardships of life drive them to evil things. 10. Who attracted the attention of Gun Zhng and then of Q Hun-gng by tapping the horns of his ox and singing a song, parts of which went, South Mount glistens, / South Rock glitters, / Never have I seen a Yo yield to Shn, / The long night stretches long, / When will it dawn? Nng Q 11. What mythical Chinese ruler is said to have served his parents devotedly, even though they tried on two occasions to kill him? Shn (followed Yo) 12. With what school of philosophy are the writings of Zhungz associated? Zhungz contributed to Daoism; is credited with writing book titled with his name; famous for having the butterfly dream (is he Zhungz dreaming he is a butterfly or vice versa?) 13. Who is quoted in several places as saying, I am not distressed at the failure of others to know me; I am 13....
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- Fall '07