Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series 1, Part B
1. Of the following states, which four were not
among the “central” states and were regarded by people of those
states as semi-barbaric: Jìn,
Qín, Ch ,
L , Qí
, Wú, Yuè, Zhèng, Sòng
2. When Chóng’ěr (Lord Wèn of Jìn or Jìn Wén-gōng) came to the state of Cáo, why did the wife of the Cáo officer
Xī F Jī
advise her husband to bring gifts of food and offers of service to Chóng’ěr?
She saw that Chong’er’s big ears were a sign of a great ruler
3. According to legend, who made (or caused to be made) the
ji d ng
or nine (sacred) vessels?
Yu the Great
4. Who said the following to whom and why did he say it: “When the sovereign’s virtue is commendable and
brilliant, the vessels, even if small, would be heavy; when the sovereign’s virtue is darkened and obscured, the
vessels, even if large, would be light.”
Wangsun Man to Chu Zhuang-Wang-- Chu Zhuang-Wang asked him what size the vessels were, which
showed that he was harboring inappropriate (over-ambitious) desires
5. There is a poem in the
Book of Songs
(‘Kio’ sings the oriole / As it lights on the thorn bush.
..) that describes the
burial of the living with the dead at the funeral of a lord of the Spring and Autumn era. In what state did this take
place and who was the lord?
Qin Mu Gong (4
hegemon) in the Qin state
6. Once an officer had an audience with Ch Zhuāng-wá
ng and said, “A strange bird has alighted in the land of Ch ,
that for three years has not been seen to fly, and for three years has not been heard to sing.” What was the officer
talking about and why didn’t he use plainer language?
Shen Wu Wei said this. He was referring to Chu Zhuang wang’s lack of being a good king. After Chu
Zhuang wang listened to his officer, he repented and became good. He used fancy language in order to be less
7. Why did K ngz
think that a system of ritual would result in a better society than a system of law?
With law, people will find ways to get around the law.
But with ritual, people will fear being ridiculed by others if they do not practice such rituals.
8. What was the relationship of Jiè Z Tuī
to the Cold Food Festival (
After Chong’er accidentally killed Jie Zi Tui when trying to smoke him out of his mountain home, Chong’er
left some land for Jie Zi Tui’s spirit to use. Chong’er was unhappy about his officer’s death so he ordered for
three days, people could not use fire to cook food, they could only eat cold food, and thus became the Cold
9. Who exhumed the corpse of a former king of Ch
and gave it three hundred lashes; and why did he do this?
Wu Zi Xu did this because he wanted to exact revenge on King Ping