Exam 1 - Review Sheet

Exam 1 - Review Sheet - EXAM #1 PSYCHOLOGY 101 FALL, 2011...

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EXAM #1 – PSYCHOLOGY 101 – FALL, 2011 – REVIEW SHEET Hi, the review sheet is provided below. The exam will have 58 multiple-choice items. The exam is a mix of items from the textbook and the notes. Any exercises or film clips shown in class are also fair game for the exam. If I sent a brief article (e.g. the one on the Harvard researcher) and asked everyone to read it, then that is fair game as well. Erin and Daryl will have extra office hours and review sessions next week (they will email you the times). Please bring a picture ID to class, a number two pencil, and a scantron. PLEASE COME TO CLASS ON TIME! We will admit students in to the exam until one student has left. Then, we will NOT admit anyone into the exam. Chapter one – The Evolution of Psychology 1. Know the different schools of psychology (e.g. structuralists; functionalists) including the people associated with them. Psychology – scientific study of behavior and experience using objective methods o Use research to explain behavior Wilhelm Wundt – made psychology independent of philosophy o Established first lab (1879 – date of birth) o Study of consciousness, attention, sensory, memory, introspection Structuralism - Edward Titchener (1879, Germany) o Analyze consciousness into its basic elements and investigate the relationship o Identify fundamentals of conscious experience Eg: feelings, images, vision, touch o introspection – detailed, systematic observation of own conscious experience o “Pure Scientific Research” – psychological labs Functionalism – William James (1890s, US) o Opposite of structuralism o Investigate function of consciousness o “Principles of Psychology” Psych based off of cultural/intellectual influence o Natural Selection/Darwinism o Stream of consciousness – conscious is a flow of thoughts o Stanley Hall – investigated mental retardation, patterns of development, sex diff o James McKeen Cattell o John Dewey Psychodynamic/Psychoanalytic – Sigmund Freud (1900s, Germany) o Explains personality, motivation by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior o People aren’t in control of their mind o Unconsciousness – stuff below surface of consciousness but have lots of influence Dreams, slips of tongue o Treated people w/psychological problems by psychoanalysis o Behavior influenced by sexual urges o Carl Jung, Alfred Adler Humanistic – Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow (1960s) o Mental healthiness o Therapeutic techniques are client centered Treatments for disorders o Optimistic view of human nature; emphasize unique traits ie. freedom/potential o People are in control Need to be comfortable with yourself
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o Animal research is not applicable bc o/ self-concept Cognitive – Jean Piaget (1960s) o Explore mental process ie. Judgements, decision making o Study internal mental events to understand human behavior o Mental process influences behavior 2. Know the different approaches to psychology (e.g., behaviorism; psychodynamic; humanistic)
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Exam 1 - Review Sheet - EXAM #1 PSYCHOLOGY 101 FALL, 2011...

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