Final Exam Review Sheet

Final Exam Review Sheet - FINAL PSYCHOLOGY 101 FALL, 2011...

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FINAL – PSYCHOLOGY 101 – FALL, 2011 – REVIEW SHEET Gang: The final examination will be on chapters 13 and 14, and 15 and will be held on Tuesday, December 13 th , at 12:00 (in our regular classroom). The review sheet highlights the topics that you should focus on. Any material that I, Erin or Daryl covered in class is also fair game. As with the first three exams, the format will be multiple choice. There are a total of 65 items on the exam and you will have a maximum of two hours to complete it. Finally, any video clips shown in class (or demonstrations) are fair game. The entire lecture by Erin and Daryl is also fair game. A few of the items are from the text only. The majority were covered both in the book and in the text. Erin, Daryl and I really enjoyed working with you this past semester and we wish you all the best in the future. Good luck on the exam! Chapter 13 – Psychological Disorders 1. Know the different approaches for understanding abnormal behavior Mental Disorder – behavior is unusual and infrequent Can be positive/negative o Norm violation – people behave in ways that deviate from society Problem is that diff socieites have diff perceptions of what is normal o Personal Suffering – person experiences stressful/traumatic symptoms Consistent w/ ego-dystonic (external view) Not all mental disorders associated w/suffering Mental illness interferes w/ functional behavior Affects day to day functioning Medical Perspective – abnormal behavior due to biological factors o Includes genetics, neurotransmitters like serotonin, areas of neural function such as parts of brain areas o Says that mental illness is like a physical disease Behavioral – abnormal behavior is learned and subsequently reinforced; conditioning o Eg: Little Albert from Pavlov o Inadequate social skills depression o Phobias, anxiety disorders Socio-cultural – best understand mental illness in context of culture o Prejudice, cultural norms, cultural class o Groups that are prejudiced against can get a kind of “anxiety” o Universalistic/pan-cultural view – criteria of mental illness same around world o Realistic view – criteria of mental illness varies across cultures They think that DSM is white, western values o Cultural general - some mental illnesses are consistent across all cultures; some disorders that are seen within all cultures Eg: depression occurs everywhere though manifest diff in east/west culture West = more cognitive; east = more physical
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o Cultural Specific – some disorders unique to certain cultures Eg: Ataques de Nerivios – occurs in Puerto Rico/Dominican Republic in women; stress disorder with shaking and shouting and seizures Book DSM contains disorders not seen in U.S. but in other countries too Cognitive/ Cognitive-Behavioral – faulty thinking patterns/faulty interpretations, biased interpretations of world leads to emotional distress and psychological disorders
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Final Exam Review Sheet - FINAL PSYCHOLOGY 101 FALL, 2011...

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