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Unformatted text preview: The Context of Adolescence- Families- Peers- Schools- Work- Leisure Structural and Social Organization of Schools- Secondary education in America o Middle schools, junior high, high schools (schooling after elementary) o Issues: what should schools teach? Diverse range of classes or basic? o Issues: how should schools be organized? 9-12 th graders? Move all kids to one school? o Issue: should we keep early adolescents separate? o Issue: is tracking appropriate? o Secondary education in US: over time, 90% of kids are attending secondary schooling (proceed through most of hs years) o Typical school term: 180 days Typical student attends 90% of the term o Typical school day: 6 periods (7-8 hours in school/day) 40% of time spent on core academic subjects o Years in school (graduation rate) 75% of fifth graders go on to graduate from high school- Secondary education: origins of compulsory education o Most important causes: Industrialization People moving from agricultural lifestyle to cities needed to develop skills Urbanization Wanted to keep people off streets try to put them in Immigration People needed to find work, but came from different backgrounds keep them up to date by teaching them all same things (homogenous) o Many families could make ends meet without the labor of their adolescents o Compulsory and secondary education was a means of social control...
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- Fall '10