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Unformatted text preview: with nucleus When the prokaryotic cell only engulfs aerobic heterotrophic prokaryotes, then it will become ancestral heterotrophic eukaryotes When the prokaryotic cell engulfs photosynthetic organism after engulfing aerobic heterotrophic prokaryotes, then it will become ancestral autotrophic eukaryotes (cyanobacteria) 3) Evidence a) Enzymes and transport chain from endomembrane system are similar to the plasma membrane of prokaryotic cell b) Mitotic division of chloroplast and mitochondria in the cell is similar to binary fission of prokaryotes c) Single circular DNA from mitochondria and chloroplasts is similar to single circular DNA found in prokaryotes (not associated with histones) d) Size, nucleotide size, and sensitivity to certain antibiotics <Figure 1> Endosymbiosis (Endosymbiotic Theory)...
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- Fall '11