11) Plant's Genome & Bioengineering

11) Plant's Genome & Bioengineering - AP Biology...

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AP Biology Plant’s Genome & Bioengineering - Plants are easier to genetically modify compared to the animals because the genes can be exchanged with not exactly same species, but close species (relatives) - The plants that have transgenic genes are so said to be called “GMO (Genetically Modified Organisms) 1) Background Information a) Arabidopsis thaliana = 1 st plant organisms that allowed the researchers to have a complete genomes sequenced 2) Purposes a) Resistance to the herbicides, pests, or other pathogens b) Resistance to the harsh environment (e.g salinity) c) Reducing world hunger and improvement of nutritional value (e.g gold rice) d) Reducing dependence of fossil fuel 3) Plant Breeding 4) Using the Ti-Plasmid to Produce Transgenic Plants (Figure 1) a) Agrobacterium Tumefaciens with Ti-plasmids: T-DNA is cleaved by restriction enzymes and DNA with the gene of interest is recombined in the Ti plasmid b) Recombinant plasmids can be introduced into the plants by electroporation or put
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course ZOOLOGY 152 taught by Professor Stephengammie during the Fall '11 term at Wisconsin.

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11) Plant's Genome & Bioengineering - AP Biology...

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