Chapter 1. MORALITY, ETHICS, AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR Discretion and the criminal justice system Discretion – the power and authority to choose one of two or more alternate behaviors. Study of Ethics is Important 1. Criminal justice involves coercion (many opportunities for abuse of power) 2. All criminal justice professionals are public servants who owe special duties to the public they serve 3. Sensitize students to ethical issues an provide tools to help identify and resolve ethical dilemmas they may face Behaviors subject to moral or ethical judgments Behaviors that can be adjudged under moral criteria are those that are acts (not thought) committed by humans (not animals) of free will (not by those judged as competent) and that affect others. Applied Ethics Applied ethics is the philosophical examination, from a moral standpoint, of particular issues in private and public life that are matters of moral judgment. It is thus the attempts to use philosophical methods to identify the morally correct course of action in various fields of human life. Bioethics, for example, is concerned with identifying the correct approach to matters such as euthanasia, or the allocation Normative Ethics The study of ethical action. It is the branch of philosophical ethics that investigates the set of questions that arise when considering how one ought to act, morally speaking. Normative ethics is distinct from meta-ethics because it examines standards for the rightness and wrongness of actions, while meta-ethics studies the meaning of moral language and the metaphysics of moral facts. Professional Ethics
Encompass the personal and corporate standards of behavior expected of professionals. Professional people and those working in acknowledged professions exercise specialist knowledge and skill. How the use of this knowledge should be governed when providing a service to the public can be considered a moral issue and is termed professional ethics. Duties Required behaviors or actions Ethical Dilemmas Situations in which it is difficult to make a decision, either because the right course of action is not clear or carries some negative consequences. Ethical Issues Difficult social questions that include controversy over the right thing to do. Imperfect duties Moral duties that are not fully explicated or detailed. Superogatories Actions that are commendable but not required in order for a person to be considered moral. Values Judgments of desirability, worth, or importance. Wholesight Exploring issues with one’s heart as well as one’s mind.
Chapter 2. DETERMINING MORAL BEHAVIOR Police corruption : Police corruption is a specific form of police misconduct designed to obtain financial benefits, other personal gain, or career advancement for a police officer or officers in exchange for not pursuing, or selectively pursuing, an investigation or arrest. One common form of police corruption is soliciting or accepting bribes in exchange for not reporting organized drug or prostitution rings or other illegal activities. Another example is police officers flouting the police
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 18 pages?