Treatment - Treatment I. Biological Treatments: all forms...

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Treatment I. Biological Treatments: all forms of treatment that work directly on the brain A. Psychopharmology: the use of psychotropic medications ( drugs that act on the brain to effect mental processes) to treat psychological disorders and problems 1. Treat symptoms but do not provide cures 1
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2. Anti-psychotic (neuroleptic) Medications a. used to treat schizophrenia and other acute psychotic states b. atypical antipsychotics reduce or alleviate both + and - symptoms of schizophrenia c. effects dopamine and other neurotransmitters d. few side effects e. more effective if administered soon after the first episode 2
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2. Antidepressant Medications a. primarily for treatment of depression i. some classes are also used to treat anxiety disorders b. several classes of these drugs i. tricyclics ii. MAO inhibitors iii. SSRIs (selective serotonin re- uptake inhibitors) a. can cause loss of interest in sex b. can become suddenly ineffective iv. SNRIs (serotonin/norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors) v. St John’s Wart 3
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c. When antidepressants are used to treat bipolar, the mania is treated either with a mood stabilizer or lithium 4
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3. Anti-anxiety Medications (anxiolytics) a. usually treated with SSRIs/SNRIs b. short-term treatment sometimes with benzodiazepines i. can cause tolerance and addiction B. Electroconvulsive shock therapy (ECT) 1. more effective in relieving depression than drugs 2. effective for patients for whom drugs are not effective 3. side effects a. loss of memory of events prior to treatment b. impaired memory for several months 5
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III. Psychotherapy: refers to all forms of treatment that work on cognition, emotion, and behavior A. major categories 1. psychodynamic 2. humanistic (phenomenological) 3. 6
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B. Psychodynamic Therapies 1. Psychoanalytic psychotherapy a. long-term (3-5 times a week for up to 5 years) b. explores unconscious conflict & motivations c. deep analysis of childhood experiences d. looks for personality change 2. Psychodynamic psychotherapy a. shorter term: once or twice a week for 6 months to 2 years i. patients who go at least twice a week benefit more b. more focused on the present c. looks especially at changing repetitive interpersonal patterns or problems in relationships 7
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3. Common ground between the
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Treatment - Treatment I. Biological Treatments: all forms...

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