10-09-21 - Notes on Saudi Arabia

10-09-21 - Notes on Saudi Arabia - 10/09/21 Central Saudi...

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10/09/21 Central Saudi Arabia is almost all unsuitable for agriculture. Except for Riyadh it is mainly desert. About 22 million Saudis and 6 million guest workers by official records, to Juan Cole thinks fewer native people and more guests. Mecca-Medina (Makkah-Madinah) are the Hijazz – they are cosmopolitan because of the Hajj. The Hajj has nearly all the Muslim world migrating to it on a yearly basis. The Middle East has 2/3rds of the world’s proven oil reserve, and Saudi Arabia has most of it. That is in the Eastern Province. Wahabiism is called “Unitarianism” by its practitioners. They don’t have vague beliefs and like Ralph Waldo Emerson/Coffee and Donuts. It was founded by Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab (1703-1787) – ibn = the son of, Abdul = servant of, Wahhab = god, the divine bestower. Ibn Abdul Wahhab’s dislike of idolatry and tribal nature worship paralleled the protestant beliefs in Europe. He didn’t like minarets and innovations. For mainstream Sunnis, if it isn’t specifically forbidden in the Koran, it’s okay. In Wahhabiism, if
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course HIST 241 taught by Professor Cole during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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