10-09-28 - The Gulf War

10-09-28 - The Gulf War - The Gulf War Kuwait began as a...

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The Gulf War Kuwait began as a part of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans had a viceroy in Baghdad and sometimes Basra, and Basra controlled Kuwait. It was an empire based on vassalage rather than direct central authority. This means that there is a (somewhat rocky) basis for Iraqi control of Iraq (if you consider Iraq the outgrowth of the Ottoman Empire). Kuwait seceded secretly when al-Sabah (leader of Kuwait) made a treaty with the British calling him an independent ruler of a state. This was from 1899-1911 – when Kuwait became formally independent. Eventually, it became a British Colony. Kuwait was scheduled for independence from Britain in 1961. From an Iraqi nationalist point of view, however, Qasim considered Kuwait a rightful part of Iraq. There was speculation that he might invade. Gulf Oil was the 10 th largest industrial concern in the US in 1961 (based in Pittsburgh), and held the oil from Kuwait. There was concern that this would damage US interests, and so the British sent back in troops in 1962. The fear was that Iraq would invade Kuwait, take its oil, nationalize it, and align with the East.
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course HIST 241 taught by Professor Cole during the Fall '08 term at University of Michigan.

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10-09-28 - The Gulf War - The Gulf War Kuwait began as a...

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