VIETNAM AND THE END OF THE COLD WAR

VIETNAM AND THE END OF THE COLD WAR - Strategy...

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VIETNAM AND THE END OF THE COLD WAR Vietnam Background France, Vietnam and the United States Indochina: French Colony Wars of National Liberation: nationalism and communism American assistance Defeat (1954) Geneva Peace Conference (1955) French withdrawal Division of Vietnam North Vietnam (Communist) South Vietnam (American client state) Kennedy Administration South Vietnam test case of American strategy of fighting wars of national liberation Strategy Increase aid American advisors: anti insurgency tactics Overthrow of Diem, install military leadership Johnson Administration Election of 1964 Johnson “peace” candidate Goldwater calls for victory Bay of Tonkins Resolution (August 1964); Johnson has free hand in Vietnam Strategy: Escalation 1965-68 Commitment of troops Bombing Application of technology Campaign for “hearts and minds Nixon Administration: Withdrawal with honor
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Unformatted text preview: Strategy Vietnamization Bombing Withdrawal 1975: Collapse of South Vietnam Reasons for Failure Vietnam Failure of strategy of escalation False optimism: Tet Offensive, 1968) Failure of hearts and minds South Vietnam (neo-colonial regime) Domestic Credibility gap: false statement, gap between statements and actions Anti-war movement Cost of war END OF COLD WAR Control of Nuclear weapons: the possibility of the abyss Mutual Assured Destruction Ending the nuclear arms race Limited Test Ban Treaty (1963) SALT I (1972), SALT II (1979) Limit nuclear arsenals Control technological innovation Stability in Europe Limits of power Vietnam Afghanistan The Great Powers and World Stability Ronald Reagan and the Evil Empire Renews arms race Collapse of the Soviet Union (1991)...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HST 252 taught by Professor Palermo during the Spring '08 term at University of Dayton.

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VIETNAM AND THE END OF THE COLD WAR - Strategy...

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