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Exam 1 study guide - Chapter 1 Motor SkillMuscular activity...

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Chapter 1 Motor Skill- Muscular activity which is consciously directed toward a specific object A skill for which primary determination of success is quality of movement that the performer produces Level of performance proficiency that distinguishes higher skilled performer from a lower skilled one Skill vs. Ability Skill Developed as a result of practice Modified with practice Many in number Ex. Throwing, kicking, hitting Ability Genetic and stable Underlines a person’s skilled performance Basis for performance Few in numbers Ex. Reaction time, hand/foot eye coordination, finger dexterity, height, weight Capability Characteristics that can change with practice Represents a person’s potential to excel in a performance task Underlines the performance of a task Two ways to conceptualize motor skills Task Distinguishable along different dimensions 3 characteristics used Organization of task Relative importance of cognitive/motor elements Level of environmental predictability Proficiency Demonstrated in performing the movement 3 Types of Learning Motor Learning Relatively permanent change in performance potential which results from practice or past experiences Implicit Learning Improvements that occur in a person’s capability as a result of repeated performance attempts and without the person’s awareness of what caused the improvement(or that the improvement occurred) Ex. Speaking before taught in school, learned rules of grammar without being taught it Latent Learning
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Learning that occurs without a corresponding change in performance Motor Control Ability to control motor skills and develop new motor skills through practice and performance Motor Development Relatively permanent change in performance (or performance potential) which results from growth or maturation As an athlete develops into a mature adult, their body is more adept to perform at a higher capacity ..... ? Motor Performance Attempt to produce a voluntary action Susceptible to factors such as motivation, arousal(anxiety) and fatigue 2 Types of Knowledge Scientific knowledge Strengths- reliable because proven, unbiased Weakness- slow to develop, conservative Ex. Systematic, controlled, empirical, critical Professional practice knowledge Strengths- quick to evolve Weakness- not very reliable Ex. Higher authority, practical experience, common sense/ intuition, observations Scientific Approach to the Study of Motor Behavior A systematic controlled method for obtaining information about motor skill learning How does the scientific method differ? Experience is often limited to specific contexts Common sense can be biased Science must follow rules. Rules are designed to systematically test ideas in an unbiased manner How is the scientific method used?
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