PHI 214 Chapter_2-Theory

PHI 214 Chapter_2-Theory - Theory A conceptual framework to...

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Theory A conceptual framework to clarify some complex part of reality, life A general overview of a complex reality, an outline, a road map Ethical theory: A conceptual framework to clarify human understanding of the process and results of ethical judgments “A confirmatory standard for moral judgments”
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Why Consider Ethical Theory? Clarify uncertainty about important choices in life Resolve disagreements, conflicts of interests, NON-VIOLENTLY
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Types of Ethical Theories Consequentialist = ONLY outcomes, results of a choice determine the moral value of the choice or action Non-consequentialist = right and wrong are determined by more than the results of a choice or action
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Consequentialist EGOISM: “an act is morally right if and only if the act promotes the agent’s long- term interests.” (53) UTILITARIANISM: “we should always act to produce the greatest possible balance of good over bad for everyone affected by our action.” (56)
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Each individual should pursue only her/his own long-term interests Be helpful to others only if this helps you Psychological vs. Ethical Egoism Problem: Does egoism help resolve conflicts of interests? Virtue Ethics vs. Ethical Egoism
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PHI 214 Chapter_2-Theory - Theory A conceptual framework to...

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