PHI 214 Chapter_3-Economic_Justice3

PHI 214 Chapter_3-Economic_Justice3 - Utilitarian Economic...

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Utilitarian Economic Justice Over all utility settles difficult cases General Principles based on normal human conditions of happiness: 1) Worker participation in decisions & profits --cooperatives, less hierarchy 2) Greater Equality of Income --declining marginal utility of money
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Libertarian Economic Justice (Nozick) Liberty is essential to justice Focus on individual rights, property Based on theory of John Locke Entitlement Theory 1) Principle of Acquisition 2) Principle of Transfer 3) No other just property rights
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Libertarian (cont) Justice in process of obtaining property, not in the distribution outcomes Wilt Chamberlain example “Property” is not only material goods Rights are Negative (non-interference) Liberty is Negative (freedom FROM, not for) People do not DESERVE property; only entitled
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John Rawls: Rational self-interest Problem of bias: liberty vs. utility Original Position: people use self-interest and reason to choose fundamental principles
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course PHI 214 taught by Professor Marnell during the Spring '09 term at N.C. State.

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PHI 214 Chapter_3-Economic_Justice3 - Utilitarian Economic...

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