Vindiciae - Vindiciae Contra Tyrannos A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants by Junius Brutus VINDICIAE CONTRA TYRANNOS SIVE DE PRINCIPIS IN Populum

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Vindiciae Contra Tyrannos A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants by Junius Brutus VINDICIAE, CONTRA TYRANNOS: SIVE, DE PRINCIPIS IN Populum, Populique in Principem, legitima postestate STEPHANO IVNIO Bruto Celta, Autore.
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< 2 > Contents Question One: Whether subjects are bound to obey princes. .. 3 The Covenant between God and Kings 7 Question Two: Whether it is lawful to resist a prince who infringes the law of God. 15 Whether private men may resist by arms. 29 Whether it be lawful to take arms for religion. 31 Question Three: Whether it is lawful to resist a prince who oppresses or ruins a public state. 33 Kings are made by the people. 34 The whole body of the people is above the king. 38 The assembly of the three estates. 44 Whether prescription of time can take away the right of the people. 46 Why kings are created. 48 Kings receive laws from the people. 53 If the prince may make new laws. 55 Whether the prince have the power of life and death over his subjects. 56 If the king may pardon those whom the law condemns. 57 Subjects are the king's brethren, and not his slaves. 58 Whether the goods of the people belong to the king. 60 Whether the king be the proper owner of the kingdom. 61 Whether the king be the usufructer of the kingdom. 67 Question Four: Whether neighbor princes may, or are bound by law to aid the subjects of other princes. 96
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< 3 > A DEFENCE OF LIBERTY AGAINST TYRANTS THE FIRST QUESTION Whether subjects are obligated to obey rulers who issue commands contrary to the law of God. At first, the answer to this question may seem to be obvious, for it seems to question an axiom held by all Christians, confirmed in many places in Holy Scripture, various examples throughout history, and by the deaths of all the holy martyrs. For it may be well asked why Christians have endured so many afflictions if it weren't true they were always persuaded that God must be obeyed simply and absolutely, and kings with this exception, that they command not that which is repugnant to the law of God. Otherwise, why should the apostles have answered that God must rather be obeyed than men? (Acts 5:29) Also, seeing that the will of God is always just, while the will of men may be, and often is, unjust, who can doubt that we must always obey God's commandments without any exception, and men's ever with limitation? But there are many rulers in these days who call themselves "Christian", who arrogantly assume that their power is limited by no one, not even by God, and they surround themselves with flatterers who adore them as gods upon earth. Not to mention the many others who, out of fear or constraint, either believe, or appear to believe, that rulers ought to be obeyed in all things, and by all men. Therefore, seeing the unhappiness of these times is such that there is nothing so firm, certain, or pure, that it is not shaken, disgraced, or polluted, that anyone who shall thoroughly
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This note was uploaded on 02/14/2012 for the course POLS 3136 taught by Professor Bazowski during the Winter '10 term at York University.

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Vindiciae - Vindiciae Contra Tyrannos A Defense of Liberty Against Tyrants by Junius Brutus VINDICIAE CONTRA TYRANNOS SIVE DE PRINCIPIS IN Populum

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