C&L text vocab

C&L text vocab - The Principles of Learning and...

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The Principles of Learning and Behavior: 6 th Edition: Michael Domjan Chapter 1: Introduction Association : a connection or linkage between the representations of two events (two stimuli or a stimulus and a response) so that the occurrence of one of the events activates the representation of the other Declarative or Episodic Learning : learning about a specific event or fact, usually accessible to consciousness Dualism : the view of behavior according to which actions can be separated into two categories: voluntary behavior controlled by the mind, and involuntary behavior controlled by reflex mechanisms Empiricism : a philosophy according to which all ideas in the mind arise from experience Fatigue : a temporary decrease in behavior caused by repeated or excessive use of the muscles involved in the behavior Hedonism : the philosophy proposed by Hobbes according to which the actions of organisms are determined entirely by the pursuit of pleasure and the avoidance of pain Learning : an enduring change in the mechanisms of behavior involving specific stimuli and/or responses that result from prior experience with similar stimuli and responses Maturation : a change in behavior caused by the physical or physiological development of the organism in the absence of experience with particular environmental events Nativism: a philosophy according to which human beings are born with innate ideas Nervism : the philosophical position adopted by Pavlov that all behavioral and physiological processes are regulated by the nervous system Nonsense Syllable : a three-letter combination (two consonants separated by a vowel) that has no meaning Performance : an organism’s activities at a particular time Procedural Learning : learning ways of doing things rather than learning about specific events. Procedural learning is typically not governed by conscious controlled processes Reflex : a mechanism that enables a specific environmental event to elicit a specific response Chapter 2: Elicited Behavior, Habituation, and Sensitization A Process : same as primary process in the opponent process theory of motivation Afferent Neuron: a neuron that transmits messages from sense organs to the central nervous system. Also called sensory neuron Appetitive Behavior : behavior that occurs early in a natural behavior sequence and serves to bring the organism in contact with a releasing stimulus B Process : same as opponent process in the opponent process theory of motivation
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Consummatory Behavior : behavior that occurs early in a natural behavior sequence and serves to bring the organism in contact with a releasing stimulus Drug Tolerance : reduction in the effectiveness of drug as a result of repeated use of the drug Efferent Neuron : a neuron that transmits impulses to muscles. Also called a motor neuron Fatigue: a temporary decrease in behavior caused by repeated or excessive use of the muscles involved in the behavior
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C&L text vocab - The Principles of Learning and...

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