Chapter 16 Endocrine AP2

Chapter 16 Endocrine AP2 - Matching Questions Figure 16.1...

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Matching Questions Figure 16.1 Using Figure 16.1, match the following: 1) Produces the hormones that promote the development of the female secondary sexual characteristics at puberty. Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 634; Fig. 16.1 2) Storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of the brain. Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 632; Fig. 16.1 3) Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secondary male sex characteristics. Answer: E Diff: 1 Page Ref: 635; Fig. 16.1 4) Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 636; Fig. 16.1 5) Produces hormones and is considered a neuroendocrine organ. Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 605; Fig. 16.1
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Figure 16.2 Using Figure 16.2, match the following hypothalamic hormones with the pituitary hormone targets: 6) Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH). Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 614-615 7) Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 616 8) Prolactin-releasing hormone (PRH). Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 616 9) Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH). Answer: E Diff: 1 Page Ref: 616 10) Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH). Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref: 616 Match the following: A) Thyroid B) Adrenal medulla C) Hypophysis D) Parathyroid E) Pancreas 20) The size and shape of a pea; produces hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands. Answer: C Diff: 1 Page Ref: 612 21) The gland that controls the fight‐or‐flight reaction. Answer: B Diff: 1 Page Ref: 631; Fig. 16.16 22) Produces hormones that regulate glucose levels in the body. Answer: E Diff: 1 Page Ref: 632; Fig. 16.18 23) Produces a hormone that controls blood levels of calcium and potassium by their removal from bone tissue. Answer: D Diff: 1 Page Ref; Fig. 16.12 24) Produces the body s major metabolic hormones. Answer: A Diff: 1 Page Ref: 620; Tbl. 16.2 ʹ True/False Questions 1) In humans, melatonin may inhibit sexual maturation. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 635 2) The antagonistic hormones that regulate the blood calcium level are calcitonin-parathormone. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 624-625 3) The hormone that raises blood sugar levels is insulin. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 632- 633 4) The endocrine structure that develops from the nervous system is the anterior pituitary. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 612-613 5) Both ʺ turn on ʺ factors (hormonal, humoral, and neural stimuli) and ʺ turn off ʺ factors (feedback inhibition and others) may be modulated by the activity of the nervous system. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 611-612 6) ACTH stimulates the adrenal cortex to release corticosteroid hormones. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 616 7) LH in males is sometimes referred to as ICSH. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 616 8) The only known effect of prolactin in humans is to produce impotence in males. Answer: FALSE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 616 9) Oxytocin is a strong stimulant of uterine contractions. Answer: TRUE Diff: 1 Page Ref: 617 10) Follicle cells of the thyroid gland produce thyroglobulin, while follicle cells of the
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Chapter 16 Endocrine AP2 - Matching Questions Figure 16.1...

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