Chapter 26 Fluid - Chapter 26 Fluid, Electrolyte, and...

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Chapter 26 Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance Matching Questions Match the following: A) IntracellularB) InterstitialC) NonelectrolytesD) ExtracellularE) Electrolytes 1) Dissociate in water.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 996 2) Do not dissociate.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 996 3) The fluid compartments outside the cell.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 996 4) Fluid compartments located within the cell.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 996 5) Spaces between cells.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 996 Answers: 1) E 2) C 3) D 4) A 5) B Match the following: A) HyperkalemiaB) HypermagnesemiaC) HypernatremiaD) HypocalcemiaE) Hyponatremia 6) Magnesium excess.Diff: 1 Page Ref: 1003 7) Calcium depletion.Diff: 1 Page Ref: 1003 8) Sodium excess.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 1003 9) Potassium excess.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 1003 10) Sodium depletion.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 1003 Answers: 6) B 7) D 8) C 9) A 10) E Match the following: A) HypoproteinemiaB) EdemaC) AldosteroneD) HyponatremiaE) Addison's disease 11) Anatypicalaccumulation of fluid in the interstitial space.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 1001 12) A condition of unusually low levels of plasma proteins resulting in tissue edema.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 1002 13) A disorder entailing deficient mineralocorticoid hormone production by the adrenal cortex.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 1002 14) Regulates sodium ion concentrations in the extracellular fluid.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 1004 15) A condition due to excessive water intake that results in net osmosis into tissue cells. Thisleads to severe metabolic disturbances.Diff: 2 Page Ref: 1003; Tbl. 26.1 Answers: 11) B 12) A 13) E 14) C 15) D Match the electrolyte composition for the following: A) interstitial fluidB) blood plasmaC) intracellular fluid 16) Sodium ions are highest in ________.Diff: 1 Page Ref: 997; Fig. 26.2 17) Potassium ions are highest in ________.Diff: 1 Page Ref: 997; Fig. 26.2 18) Phosphate ions are highest in ________.Diff: 1 Page Ref: 997; Fig. 26.2 19) Bicarbonate ions are highest in ________.Diff: 1 Page Ref: 997; Fig. 26.2 20) Proteins are highest in ________.Diff: 1 Page Ref: 997; Fig. 26.2 Answers: 16) B 17) C 18) C 19) A 20) C True/False Questions 1) Adipose tissue is one of the most hydrated of all tissues in the human body.Answer: FALSEDiff: 1 Page Ref: 996 2) The most abundant cation in intracellular fluid is sodium.Answer: FALSEDiff: 1 Page Ref: 997 3) Electrolytes determine most of the chemical and physical reactions of the body.Answer: TRUEDiff: 1 Page Ref: 996 4) Solutes, regardless of size, are able to move freely between compartments because watercarries them along the osmotic gradients.Answer: FALSEDiff: 2 Page Ref: 998
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5) The thirst center in the brain is located in the hypothalamus.Answer: TRUEDiff: 2 Page Ref: 999 6) Dehydration can be caused by endocrine disturbances such as diabetes mellitus or diabetesinsipidus.Answer: TRUEDiff: 1 Page Ref: 1001 7) It isimpossibleto overhydrate because people need as much water as they can drink to carryout ordinary body functions.Answer: FALSEDiff: 1 Page Ref: 1001 8) Water imbalance, in which output exceeds intake, causing an imbalance in body fluids,
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Chapter 26 Fluid - Chapter 26 Fluid, Electrolyte, and...

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