FinalPaper - Plastic Surgery 1 Plastic Surgery: The...

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Plastic Surgery Plastic Surgery: The Creation of a Necessary Monster COM 150/Effective Essay Writing 1
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Plastic Surgery “Beauty is in the eye of the beholder,” is a phrase written by Margaret Wolfe Hungerford, in her book, Molly Bawn (1878). When a person looks in the mirror, does he or she see what is right, or what is wrong with their appearance? The Western World has embraced the monster known as cosmetic surgery and it is beginning to be the standard to live by. In Hollywood, the use of plastic surgery to enhance the livelihood of the actors is the standard. Women throughout the country have plastic surgery to “fix” what is wrong with their body. However, plastic surgery is used in more ways than vanity; the driving- force behind most plastic surgery developments is wartime injuries, reconstructive surgeries, and congenital birth deformities. The feeling of inadequacy is the threshold that plastic surgery thrives on. Plastic surgery began in India and eventually made its way to the western world. As early as the 6 th Century B.C. (Chandler, 2010) documentation of reconstructive surgeries is found in India. Sushruta , or better known as “The Father of Surgery,” documented medical procedures, such as rhinoplasty, skin grafts, and otoplasty, or ear reconstruction. He began his work reconstructing body parts for criminals that had them removed, as punishment for crimes committed. In 300 B.C. another surgeon named Charaka created a testament for medical treatments in pathology, diagnosis, and prognosis. Both surgeons’ work were transcribed into book form and translated to Arabic and eventually used by Gaspere Tagliacozzi in the late 1500s. Tagliacozzi, considered by some to be the “Father of Plastic Surgery,” illustrated a 47-page book on reconstructive surgery. It wasn’t until 1815, when Joseph Constantine Carpere of Great Britain performed a rhinoplasty, had the Western World experience this kind of surgery. Carpere studied 20 years in India and eventually used this education to further the medical 2
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Plastic Surgery practices in the Western World. India used reconstructive surgery, mostly for criminals, but in the Western World this type of surgery was the only way to help war victims. During World War I, many soldiers lost jaws, noses, lips, had shattered skulls and gaping wounds and according to the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (2010) the “War to End All Wars” brought reconstructive surgery into a more prominent light. Many of the best surgical talent in Europe and the United States devoted tireless hours to the reconstruction of deformities caused by the war. Reconstructive surgery found a place in the medical community because of the benefits gained from these procedures (Chandler, 2010) Outside of wartime, plastic surgeons developed many other procedures used today. The cleft palate surgery performed by America’s first plastic surgeon, Dr. John
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This note was uploaded on 02/11/2012 for the course COM 150 taught by Professor Johannahvanatta during the Summer '08 term at University of Phoenix.

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FinalPaper - Plastic Surgery 1 Plastic Surgery: The...

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